Golden retriever: This is what you need to know - Everything about dogs (2024)


The Golden Retriever will cheer you up, keep you moving, entertained and laughing by following your daily routine and copying your movements and gestures. This dog is more than a pet. It will become a member of your family in no time. Its high intelligence, affectionate behavior and inexhaustible tolerance make the Golden Retriever an excellent pet. Whether in a kindergarten, a rehabilitation center or another place, these dogs are very funny and well suited for use in therapy.

  • Ras: Golden Retriever
  • Origin: Great Britain
  • Kept as: Hunting and family dog
  • Size: Males 56-61 cm and females 51-56 cm
  • Weight: 27-36kg
  • Color: Gold or cream colored
  • Coat type: Wavy or smooth hair with a waterproof undercoat
  • Avg. Age: 12-13 Years


  • Elegantly neither
  • Dark eyes
  • Ears hang in a slight fold
  • Powerful muzzle
  • Well muscled hind legs

It sometimes happens that the Golden Retriever imitates people in the house where he lives. For example, a daily exercise teaches him to take his place in a circle of people or in a line. It will participate in daily activities in its own way and easily integrate into the family routine.

Relaxed and calm, the Golden Retriever is more likely to be peaceful and will seek peace rather than discord. Rarely aggressive and very playful, it will try to protect its territory by simply barking and will not show aggressive behavior such as showing its teeth and growling. It remains calm in all situations. It is also very acceptable to other animals and strangers. Goldens are athletic, strong and capable of transporting heavy game over land and water, with a broad, powerful head with a strong neck and well-developed forequarters and hindquarters. The breed is slightly longer than tall, with a smooth, powerful, ground-covering gait and a dense, straight or wavy water-repellent outer coat.

Golden retriever: This is what you need to know - Everything about dogs (1)

The Golden Retriever in short

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Being an excellent pet, this breed tends to remain young at heart for a very long time. Sometimes it doesn't obey orders the first time. The Golden Retriever is sometimes used as a guide dog for the blind and other people in need of assistance. Its legendary calm behavior makes it an excellent choice for children with autism or other disabilities. It is extremely rare for a Golden Retriever to become aggressive, unless of course it is neglected or abused by its owners. Since this dog is not aggressive by nature, it is usually considered a canine.

Originally used as a hunting dog, this animal was transformed as a nanny for children, an escort for the elderly, a clown to entertain people and in general an extraordinary companion for humanity. This tall dog requires wide open spaces and regular exercise. It is very tolerant of young and old, so the Golden Retriever makes a wonderful family member that is very gentle with everyone.

Behavior of a Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is even-tempered, intelligent and affectionate. Golden retrievers are playful but gentle with children, and they get along well with other pets and strangers. These dogs are eager to please, which probably explains why they respond so well to obedience training and are such popular service dogs. They also like to work, whether it's hunting birds or fetching their guardian's slippers. Golden Retrievers are not often barkers and they have no guarding instincts, so don't count on them to be good watchdogs. However, some Golden Retrievers will let you know when strangers are approaching.

These are sweet, well-mannered, intelligent dogs with great charm. They are easy to train and always patient and gentle with children. They are charming, devoted and confident, making them a popular family dog. Energetic and loving as they are, Golden Retrievers also enjoy pleasing their owners, so obedience training can be very rewarding. They excel in competitions. Friendly with everyone, including other dogs, the Golden Retriever has very few, if any, guarding instincts. Although unlikely to attack, they are good watchdogs, loudly signaling the approach of a stranger.

This breed needs to be around people who show leadership to be happy. The Golden Retriever can become destructive and/or tense, overly exuberant and distracted if lacking daily mental and physical exercise. Make sure you remain this dog's firm but calm, confident, consistent pack leader to avoid behavioral problems. Some of this breed's talents include hunting, tracking, retrieving, narcotic detection, agility, competitive obedience, and performing tricks. These dogs also love to swim.

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The health

As is the case with many large dogs, hip and elbow dysplasia should be monitored in a Golden Retriever. The ears are very sensitive to scabies. One must be vigilant and wash the dog's ears regularly. Weekly examination reduces the risk of infections and complications.

Other problems have also been associated with this breed, including eye disorders, dermatological conditions, epilepsy and aortic stenosis. The Golden Retriever is also sensitive to different speciescancer, including lymphoma, hemangiosarcoma, mastocytoma and osteosarcoma.

Regular exercise and a good diet are generally the best protection against health problems in Golden Retrievers. Genetics is a very important factor to consider when acquiring a puppy. It is important to ensure that the puppy's parents are healthy.


Regular brushing is necessary to ensure that your dog's coat is tangle-free and his skin is healthy. Brushing should be done 2 to 3 times a week, except during the shed season when brushing should be done daily. In the literature, some recommend bathing the dog every 2 to 3 months, while others do this every 6 months to prevent damage to the sensitive skin. After bathing, it is important to dry the base of the tail thoroughly to reduce the risk of limp tail.

Golden Retrievers have a thick undercoat and a long outer coat, but grooming is still relatively easy as long as you brush them consistently. They usually don't need a haircut for their flat coats, but they do need to be brushed every one to three days. Focus on the hind legs and the backs of the ears, where tangles and mats can quickly develop. Although grooming needs do not differ by coat color, wavy-haired retrievers are more prone to matting than their straight-haired counterparts and may require a little more brushing.

A bit of mess comes standard with Golden Retrievers, so if you hate stray fur and dirt, look elsewhere for a canine companion. You can more or less make a new dog every week with the coat they shed, and they love to swim and get muddy. Just keep up the regular care including a brush, making sure you rinse them off when they take a dip in the water, and it won't get out of hand.


The Golden Retriever dog breed is very intelligent. Not only are they smart, but they are also eager to please, making them a pleasure to train. They can master basic obedience commands like sit and stay and even learn to retrieve different toys by name. However, no matter what you teach them, they will respond best to training that focuses on positive reinforcement and uses treats or toys as rewards.

Of course they have that mischievous side. So no matter how well trained they are, you'll still have the occasional moment where they're more interested in being silly. That will only make your Golden Retriever experience even more fun! If you want to train your dog for a particular job, such as working as a service dog, remember that their individual personalities play a big role. Not every Golden Retriever is suitable for assistance dog work.

Power supply

When it comes to a Golden Retriever's diet, a complete and balanced commercial dog food is generally recommended. But there is no one-size-fits-all diet plan to follow. It's really more about your dog's individual needs, which are based on things like age, weight and activity level. Make sure you talk to your vet to find out the best diet for your dog.

On occasion, Golden Retriever dog breeds can develop food allergies, which can cause itchy skin and excessive licking. Changing their diet can often help manage these conditions, but that should be guided by a conversation with your vet.


Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercise, both mentally and physically. Small homes can work for this energetic breed as long as you help them stay active by playing games, providing interactive dog toys, daily walks and – even better – going for a swim. A large garden is of course no excuse to be lazy. Golden Retrievers want to be with you almost all the time, which is exactly why they are so loved. So you should join them in the garden for some playtime. Fetch, chase and games that involve scent can help burn off their puppy-for-life exuberance.

History of the Golden Retriever

Originally from Great Britain, the Golden Retriever was officially recognized by the English Kennel Club in 1913. This cross between the Irish Setter and the Flat-Coated Retriever resulted in a beautiful long-haired dog. As is the case for the Labrador, the Golden Retriever belongs to the Retriever family. It is very popular thanks to its exceptional temperament and its gentleness. Originally bred for hunting, the Golden Retriever later became one of the best pet dogs. The gentle temperament has taken over his hunting instinct.

In 1999, the Golden Retriever was the second most popular dog breed. This ranking is no surprise, as the dog has many qualities that make for a perfect family pet. However, the Golden Retriever's roots lie in the fields and waterways of Great Britain. In fact, the Golden Retriever was bred to be a bird dog, particularly for hunting waterfowl, and the breed emerged from crossing a number of other breeds thought to be Spaniels,Irish settersinNewfoundlandersincluded (but not the Newfoundland we know today), and perhaps even abloodhound.

The combination created a strong, strong swimming dog that could withstand cold water, track injured game and handle lame birds. Today, Golden Retrievers not only make good bird dogs and pets; They are also popular as assistance dogs for the blind and disabled, and as search and rescue and contraband dogs. Few dogs can claim the versatility of this breed.

To colour

The Golden Retriever's famously lush and luxurious double-layer coat comes in shades as light as pale cream and as dark as red gold. The official show standard of the Golden Retriever purebred dog breed states that this dog will always have a single-colored coat, although the feathering (longer coat on the limbs and tail) may be a shade lighter than the full body coat. Below you will find a few examples of colors that this dog breed can have!

Light Golden Retriever

Among the Golden Retriever colors, light gold is one of the three eligible colors for the show ring. The light gold coat color is darker than cream but lighter than the traditional gold coat that this dog is so famous for. Many Golden Retriever breeders have a preference for one coat color over another. They tend to breed to produce more dogs with the same coat color.

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Dark Golden Retriever

Of all the Golden Retriever colors, dark gold is one of the most striking. In fact, there are only three coat colors allowed in the show ring in America and the UK. The first is light gold, the second is gold and the third color is dark gold.

Golden Retriever crème

The Golden Retriever cream color spectrum is especially popular at the moment. These Golden Retrievers are sometimes called “English” Golden Retrievers because the pale cream color is much more popular and common in the UK than in America. In the UK, the Kennel Club accepts cream-colored Golden Retriever dogs in the show ring. In America, the Kennel Club does not currently accept cream Goldens for show. The cream Golden Retriever also has some subtle but noticeable differences in its overall appearance.

Rode Golden Retriever

The red Golden Retriever has a particularly striking and memorable coat! In fact, this unusual coat color means that the red Golden Retriever is sometimes mistaken for an Irish Setter! There are also some other appearance differences with this coat color. The coat is generally shorter and straighter with less feathering on the limbs and tail. This working dog's body also tends to look more compact and streamlined.

Golden Retriever wit

The white color of the Golden Retriever coat is not actually pure white. Rather, it is an extremely pale cream that appears pure white under certain lighting conditions. The white coat color is not currently accepted in the Kennel Club show ring in America or in the UK. However, this is a very popular coat color among pet owners. And in every respect, the white Golden Retriever is a purebred dog just like the rest! The white Golden Retriever can appear very close to pure white during puppyhood. When the coat is mature, you may see subtle shades of gold or cream in the coat. The white Golden Retriever is just as healthy as a Golden Retriever with a different coat color.

Golden Retriever black

Have you ever seen a black Golden Retriever and wondered how on earth such a dog could be black? The truth is, they can't. If you see a Golden Retriever that is all black, it is probably another similar breed such as oneFlat-Coated Retriever. There are several genes that determine a dog's color. These dogs have two recessive genes that make their coat red or yellow. Even if they have black ancestry somewhere in their line, a purebred Golden Retriever will never be completely black. Nevertheless, you can buy a black Golden Retriever, but this is not a purebred animal. For example, it may be aLabrador Retriever.

Golden Retriever mini

Despite what their name suggests, Miniature Golden Retrievers are not simply purebred Golden Retrievers that have been selectively bred to be smaller. They are a crossbreed of different dogs rather than just a size variation on the breed standard. This is different from, for example, the Mini Husky, which is just a smaller version of theHuskyis.

The breeds used to create the Mini Golden Retrievers are usually a Golden Retriever andPoodle, or a Golden Retriever and aGoldendoodle(Golden Retriever x Poodle mix). Some breeders also mixco*cker Spaniels, although this may result in less than desirable features. Miniature Golden Retrievers are also known as Petite Golden Retrievers and Comfort Retrievers. The latter is actually the trademarked name for the puppies bred by Kathy Burgess, who claims to have created the first Miniature Golden.

Although the goal of Miniature Golden Retriever was simply to create a dog that was sort of a companion version of the standard dog, there are a number of differences and similarities between them. This is to be expected when you take into account that the Mini also has some Poodle characteristics. There is no breed standard for the Mini Golden Retrievers, but there is enough breeding activity at this time to accurately measure some sort of average across the dogs. For example, a Golden Retriever mini is of course smaller and lighter than the normal variant.

There is some concern that creating designer dogs like Miniature Golden Retrievers will somehow prove to be a bad thing for the Golden Retriever breed. While this argument has some merit, it doesn't really apply to Mini Golden Retrievers, as they are not simply a smaller version of the breed, but really another breed that is simply related to it.

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You could argue that Miniature Golden Retrievers could be bad for the breed if they suffered from 'dwarfism', or if they were small purebred dogs, as this would suggest that breeders had used abnormally small Golden Retrievers to create such small puppies. This would mean passing on defective genes: an unethical move to achieve small size at the expense of the dogs' health. However, this is not the case with a Golden Retriever mini.

Buy a Golden Retriever puppy

Golden Retrievers are often available from dog rescue groups. They may be turned over to these organizations because they shed too much, need too much exercise or are too rambunctious for a sedentary family. You should give these dogs the exercise and training they are missing. Other Golden Retrievers are given up due to changed family circ*mstances and these dogs may not have any behavioral problems at all. Middle-aged and older dogs are a special joy to live with. It is also possible to buy a Golden Retriever puppy this way, although you will have to be lucky. This often concerns adult dogs.


You can also purchase a Golden Retriever puppy from a show breeder, who breeds Golden Retrievers to meet a detailed standard of appearance for the dog show ring. Or you can purchase a Golden Retriever from a performance breeder, who emphasizes an energetic temperament and strong work drive for hunting or field trials, or who participates in performance sports such as agility, rally obedience, tracking and flyball. Some breeders are a combination of show/performance, but how they prioritize these two goals can vary widely.

Moreover, buying a Golden Retriever puppy from a private individual is also an option. What you choose really depends on your own preference. Each has its own pros and cons, so it's basically impossible to say which option is best.

Golden Retriever breeder

So you can buy a Golden Retriever puppy from a breeder. You may have been advised by well-meaning friends: “Choose the puppy that runs to you!” But this simply results in all the bold and pushy Golden Retriever puppies being chosen first. The gentler puppies waiting politely in the background are actually ignored. Most families make a mistake when they choose bold, powerful, energetic puppies who will jump all over you, grab all the toys, start all the wrestling matches, grab your pant leg and pull fiercely with cute puppy growls. These puppies are great to play with at the Golden Retriever breeder, but you will quickly find them annoying in your own home.


Your first look should therefore be at the nest as a group. If there are four puppies and three of them stay at arm's length or wave their tails suspiciously at you, this is probably a very risky litter. And what about the fourth puppy, the one that's acting normal? Still be on your guard! He could have inherited the same shy or distrustful genes, but he just isn't showing it yet. A puppy that tucks its tail or crawls away from you is not a safe choice as a pet. This is especially true if you have children. If shyness is in his genes, a shy puppy will grow into a shy adult who can be difficult to live with and may even snap defensively when startled or scared.

Normal puppies from a Golden Retriever breeder are friendly, curious and trusting. They scratch around your feet, pull on your shoelaces, crawl into your lap, nibble on your fingers and just waddle around checking everything out. You can tell something about the individual puppies by the way they interact with their littermates.

  • Which ones are strong, outgoing, bossy, loud?
  • Which ones are quiet, submissive, gentle?
  • Which one will take all the toys and win the tug of war?
  • Which ones seem delicate or bullied?

Most families do best with a puppy who is neither the boss of the litter nor the lowest on the totem pole.

After viewing the puppies as a group, ask the Golden Retriever breeder if you can view each puppy for sale individually. This is an important step in evaluating puppies. You want to see how each puppy reacts when he is away from his littermates. After all, that's how it goes at your house.

  • Sometimes a puppy who seems bold when his friends support him will become less confident on his own.
  • Sometimes a puppy who feels dominated by others will become outgoing himself.
  • Sometimes an energetic puppy will calm down when not being prodded by the others.

You can then use this information to buy a Golden Retriever puppy from the breeder!

Golden Retriever pup

There are many important decisions you will need to make before bringing your Golden Retriever puppy home, including where you get him from, how to choose a puppy, and what to name him. After buying a Golden Retriever puppy, you should also immediately start purchasing various necessities. This may include a collar, but you will need more. Check the overview below:

  • Necklace
  • Belt
  • Bench
  • Bed
  • Treats
  • Food and water bowls
  • Food
  • nail clippers
  • Puppyshampoo
  • Poop bags
  • Toys

In addition, it is important to puppy-proof your home before your Golden Retriever puppy arrives. Puppies will chew almost anything, so make sure there are no valuables at puppy height, or things that could be poisonous to them or pose a choking hazard. Additionally, hide your cords and cables and make sure your puppy cannot shock himself by chewing on them. Your puppy should be supervised or in a crate or playpen at all times until he is mature enough not to mess up your home or harm himself, but puppy-proofing the home will also keep him safe.

Now that you're all ready to bring your Golden Retriever puppy home, it's time for the fun part! Although, the puppy's first days in your home are not always fun. Puppies are a lot of hard work! You will sleep little and you will spend most of the day with your Golden Retriever puppy, for example letting the dog pee or making sure he doesn't destroy your house. Of course there are also fun moments, such as cuddling with the dog or seeing how happy the animal is when you come home.

Hate the crate

Most Golden Retriever puppies will hate the crate at first and that's completely expected, but that doesn't make it much easier when you're trying to sleep and they whine or cry. So keep this in mind! Most puppies also wake up during the night, sometimes up to four times a night. Their small bladders can only hold it for a few hours, so they need to urinate frequently. Try to teach your Golden Retriever puppy to pee outside as quickly as possible, but unfortunately accidents can happen and there is a good chance that you will have to clean up some pee in your house at some point.

Some things that puppies may lick or eat can make them sick and they have a developing immune system so they may experience some tummy aches and you will be very familiar with the route to the vet's office. Unfortunately, it will be difficult to prevent this, simply because Golden Retriever puppies put everything in their mouths. For example, they do this during a walk, they even eat disgusting things like cigarette butts or dog poop, and you better try to get it out of their mouth!

But you will still miss puppyhood. Yes really! You will miss the sleepless nights and puppy bites. You'll miss being able to pick them up with one arm. And you'll miss the goofy way they jump around. So make sure you take lots of videos and photos! And when the going gets tough, and it's 2 a.m. and they're keeping you awake, remember that you are incredibly lucky to have a Golden Retriever, you will miss them as a puppy, and it will be worth it.

How old does a Golden Retriever live?

The lifespan of a Golden Retriever is approximately 10-12 years. There are some cases where Golden Retrievers can live 15 years or more. While it would be great, it is very rare and the stars would have to align just right. Even though 10 to 12 years may not seem like a long time to you, it doesn't mean your dog hasn't lived a long life. This is because all dogs, regardless of breed, age faster than humans. We've all heard that one dog year is equal to seven human years in terms of aging. We don't want to break it to you, but this isn't entirely true.

How much does a Golden Retriever cost?

There are several one-time costs associated with your new Golden Retriever. Unfortunately, many of them are quite high, such as the initial cost of your dog. A Golden Retriever puppy that has a pedigree from a recognized breeder will cost approximately one thousand euros. So these are just the initial costs, but you will obviously have other costs to deal with if you have a puppy. This includes veterinary costs, but also the costs of food, puppy training and dog tax.

How big does a Golden Retriever get?

A healthy adult male Golden Retriever will be approximately 2 feet tall. Female Goldens stand to be right around 55 inches tall. You can expect an English male Golden Retriever to be around 58 inches tall and a female to be around 53 inches tall. The weight range for an adult male Golden Retriever is approximately 30 kilograms. The weight range for an adult woman is approximately 27 kilograms. Most dog breed size charts place the Golden Retriever size in the medium to large range. This makes the Golden Retriever comparable to breeds such as theBernese mountain dog, StandardPoodle,Labrador RetrieverinSiberian husky.

How big is a Golden Retriever puppy?

All dogs are individuals, including Golden Retriever puppies. Keep in mind that your puppy can be larger or smaller than the average size and still remain within a healthy range. If a puppy falls well below the small end of the typical size range, it may be the smallest of the litter. While it's easy to fall in love with a puppy, keep in mind that small size can cause health problems, including a fatal condition known as fading puppy syndrome.

When is a Golden Retriever grown?

The age at which a Golden Retriever is fully grown varies from sixteen to twenty-four months. This also depends on several factors, as every dog ​​is unique. What determines the age at which a Golden Retriever reaches maturity is primarily their breed background and ancestral genetics. What also determines the age at which a Golden Retriever reaches maturity is how quickly they develop mentally, physically and emotionally, which can be changed or modified by their environment.

The age at which a Golden Retriever reaches mental maturity can take longer than their physical body. Each area, mental, physical and emotional, or behavioral, will have different stages to go through before the Golden Retriever reaches the age where they are fully grown. It is not always easy to see the development that is taking place beneath the surface of the physical body when determining what age a Golden Retriever reaches full maturity. The age at which a Golden Retriever reaches maturity is less important than their overall health, well-being and whether they reach their full potential in all areas of their life.

Where does the Golden Retriever come from?

The aristocrat responsible for Golden Retrievers was the first Lord of Tweedmouth, Dudley Majoribanks. He developed the breed in the Scottish highlands during the reign of Queen Victoria. Tweedmouth wanted a dog that was ideally suited to the rugged terrain and rainy climate of his Scottland home. Of course, the dog also had to be an excellent retriever for hunting. Tweedmouth wanted to create a breed that was good at home with a gentle and sweet character.

Majoribanks kept extensive breeding records from 1840-1890. This data showed characteristics of the parents and then what the puppies were like. He kept detailed records during these years, demonstrating the goal of developing a dog with a soft mouth for retrieving game, but which was also strong and active. He crossed the “yellow retriever” with the Tweed Water Spaniel (a now extinct breed) and also threw someIrish SetterinBloodhound,Springer Spaniel,Newfoundlandand others in it. So Golden Retrievers originated in Scotland and were created by Lord Tweedmouth.

What is a Golden Retriever?

The Golden Retriever is a medium-sized breed with a golden coat – a reflection of its name – originating from Scotland. Known for their kind eyes, loyalty and enthusiasm for life, the Golden Retriever is one of the most popular dog breeds in the Netherlands. Although historically bred as hunting dogs in the Scottish Highlands, Golden Retrievers also make excellent family dogs. The dogs usually get along well with children and are incredibly affectionate and intelligent. Golden Retrievers also make great service dogs and are often very successful as guide, assistance or search and rescue dogs.

Where can I buy a Golden Retriever?

There are several ways to buy a Golden Retriever. First of all, it is possible to purchase a puppy of this dog breed via Marktplaats or Puppyplaats. In general, this concerns private Golden Retrievers that do not always have a pedigree. Many people nevertheless want to purchase a Golden Retriever puppy with a pedigree. If you would like to do this, it is generally recommended to buy the dog from a breeder. In most cases you will certainly buy a Retriever puppy that suits you well and is also healthy.


Golden retriever: This is what you need to know - Everything about dogs (2024)


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